IPNIG End Goals for Education

IPNIG Education Goal
for the Public Community

IPNIG Education Goal
for their Members



International Council Nurses ICN

ICN Guidelines on the Nurse Entre/Intrepreneur Providing Nursing Services ... more

ICN Guidelines for Registered Nurses ... more



Canadian Nurses Association CNA

"Speaking out, taking action, engaging with members"

 "A Nursing Call to Action"!

"The health of our nation, the future of our health system CNA"



Nursing Theory

Perspective on Nursing 2050

Clients Seek Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention as Required Intervention

Neuman, B; Reed, K.S; 2007

Nursing Science Quarterly, 20(2), 111-113
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Primary Health Care – Health Delivery Model

Explanation of the difference between Primary Health Care and Primary Care ... more

Primary Health Care
Thirty Years Later

Alma-Ata 30 years later: revolutionary, relevant, and time to revitalize ... more



Registered Nurse Association Ontario RNAO

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Private practice as a career option for nurses has been slowly increasing since the 1980’s

However, the reasons for this development have not been fully investigated so that it can be understood and placed within the changing contexts of health care and health services. The expansion and extension of nurses’ roles is a contemporary topic in health care reform and therefore one that deserves investigation. The aims of this study were to develop a theory on private practice nursing and to describe the characteristics and work of the self- employed nurse in Australia. Nurses working in a variety of settings have been able to provide information on being self-employed. In doing so, this study was able to describe the persona of the nurse entrepreneur, explore the reasons why nurses and midwives in Australia establish private fee-for-service practices, identify the factors which have influenced this action and describe the scope of practice of nurses and midwives in private practice.

Self-employed Nurse Entrepreneurs: A Journey of Discovery (Wilson A.;2003) ... more

Critical Thinking Required - Theory     Research     Practice

Nursing care requires critical thinking in four areas, PHEN
eople    Health    Environment    Nursing    

1. People - four domains of the human being - physiological, spiritual, sociological and psychological (Alexander and Kroposki, 1999)

2. Health - well being or free from illness or injury

3. Environment - contact with other people in a variety of surroundings

4. Nursing - health care actions taken by a nurse on behalf of the people

Nursing Theory Professional Nursing Practice
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Primary Health Care Leads to Better Health

We hear the term primary health care (PHC) frequently, but the concept is poorly understood, in part because of confusion between primary care and primary health care. Simply put, primary care is what you receive when you go to your provider for treatment of an ailment. In contrast, PHC is a health-based model. Its services are based on certain defined principles (essential, accessible, equitable, collaborative and using the appropriate technology) and account for the social determinants of health. Offering care from a PHC perspective means providing more episodic care and becoming involved in the social and environmental issues that affect health. ... more

If Canada were to adopt a primary health care (PHC) model of service delivery, health care would become the responsibility of individual Canadians, their communities and their governments, not just provincial and territorial departments of health.

Primary Care: Definitions and Historical Developments


Distinguish between Primary Care and Primary Health Care: ... more

Early delivery of health care measures means earlier return to good health.

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College of Nurses of Ontario CNO Protects Public Community

College of Nurses of Ontario CNO is your professional licensing body for regulated nurses, the Standards of Practice, bylaws, policies and guidelines for all Ontario RNs and NPs in all practice settings.

CNO fact sheets, practice standards, practice guidelines, forms and other publications ...more

CNO Fact Sheets